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States parties to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court

Dark green: states parties to the ICC
Light green: states that have ratified or acceded but for which the Statute is not yet in force (Maldives and Cape Verde)
Orange: signatories to the Rome Statute which are not states parties

The states parties to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court are those sovereign states that have ratified or acceded to the Rome Statute, the treaty that established the International Criminal Court. As of November 2011[update], 117 states are states parties to the Statute of the Court, including all of South America, nearly all of Europe and roughly half the countries in Africa.[1] The Statute will enter into force for its 118th state party, the Maldives, on 1 December 2011, and its 119th, Cape Verde, on 1 January 2012.[2][3] A further 32 countries, including Russia, have signed but not ratified the Rome Statute[1]; one of them, Côte d'Ivoire, has accepted the Court's jurisdiction.[4] The law of treaties obliges these states to refrain from “acts which would defeat the object and purpose” of the treaty.[5] Three of these states—Israel, Sudan and the United States—have "unsigned" the Rome Statute, indicating that they no longer intend to become states parties and, as such, they have no legal obligations arising from their former representatives' signature of the Statute.[1][6] 43 United Nations member states have neither signed nor ratified or acceded to the Rome Statute; some of them, including China and India, are critical of the Court.[7][8] The Palestinian National Authority, which neither is nor represents a United Nations member state, has formally accepted the jurisdiction of the Court.[9] It is unclear, however, if this acceptance is legally valid.[10]

The Court can automatically exercise jurisdiction over crimes committed on the territory of a State Party or by a national of a State Party. States parties must co-operate with the Court, including surrendering suspects when requested to do so by the Court.

States parties are entitled to participate and vote in proceedings of the Assembly of States Parties, which is the Court's governing body.

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Implementing legislation
The Rome Statute obliges states parties to cooperate with the Court in the investigation and prosecution of crimes, including the arrest and surrender of suspects.[14] Part 9 of the Statute requires all states parties to “ensure that there are procedures available under their national law for all of the forms of cooperation which are specified under this Part”.[15]

Under the Rome Statute's complementarity principle, the Court only has jurisdiction over cases where the relevant state is unwilling or unable to investigate and, if appropriate, prosecute the case itself. Therefore many states parties have implemented national legislation to provide for the investigation and prosecution of crimes that fall under the jurisdiction of the Court.[16]

As of April 2006, the following states had enacted or drafted implementing legislation:[17]

Secretary-General of the United Nations

The Secretary-General of the United Nations is the head of the Secretariat of the United Nations, one of the principal organs of the United Nations. The Secretary-General also acts as the de facto spokesperson and leader of the United Nations.

The current Secretary-General is Ban Ki-moon of South Korea, who took office on 1 January 2007. His first term will expire on 31 December 2011. He was re-elected, unopposed, to a second term on 21 June 2011.[1] Forum Index -> Bible Prophecy, Dreams, Visions
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