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ICELAND Volcanoes, earthquake * Bardabunga, Hekla
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PostPosted: Wed Apr 14, 2010 6:42 am    Post subject: ICELAND Volcanoes, earthquake * Bardabunga, Hekla  Reply with quote

Eyjafjallajokull (skull) Volcano erupts in south Iceland
Volcano creates a beautiful aurora

October 19, 2010  -  KATLA waking up on page 5
I want to keep both Iceland volcanoes on the same thread.

April  25  -  It is very interesting that this volcano calmed down the day after the President of Poland was buried, who died in a plane crash.

21 March 2010
Eyjafjallajokull, an Icelandic volcano, dormant for 200 years, has erupted, ripping a 1km-long fissure in a field of ice.
The volcano near Eyjafjallajoekull glacier began to erupt just after midnight, sending lava a hundred metres high.

Icelandic airspace has been closed, flights diverted and roads closed. The eruption was about 120km (75 miles) east of the capital, Reykjavik.
About 500 people were moved from the area, a civil protection officer said.

"We estimate that no-one is in danger in the area, but we have started an evacuation plan and between 500 and 600 people are being evacuated," Sigurgeir Gudmundsson of the Icelandic civil protections department told the Agence France-Presse news agency.
The area is sparsely populated, but the knock-on effects from the eruption have been considerable.

A state of emergency is in force in southern Iceland and transport connections have been severely disrupted, including the main east-west road.

"Ash has already begun to fall in Fljotshlid and people in the surrounding area have reported seeing bright lights emanating from the glacier," RUV public radio said on its website.
"It was a bit scary, but still amazing to see," Katrin Moller Eiriksdottir, who lives in Fljotshlid, told the BBC News website.
"The ash had started falling and we couldn't leave the car."

3 Icelandair flights, bound for Reykjavik from the United States, were ordered to return to Boston, RUV radio reported.
Domestic flights were suspended indefinitely, but some international flights were scheduled to depart on Sunday.

There had initially been fears that the volcano could cause flooding, as it causes ice to melt on the glacier above it, but that scenario appears to have been avoided.
However, it could cause more activity nearby, scientists say.

"This was a rather small and peaceful eruption but we are concerned that it could trigger an eruption at the nearby Katla volcano, a vicious volcano that could cause both local and global damage," said Pall Einarsson, a geophysicist at the University of Iceland's Institute of Earth Science, Associated Press news agency reported.

As the eruption is taking place in an area that is relatively ice free, there is little chance of a destructive glacier burst like the one that washed away part of the east-west highway four years ago, after an eruption under the vast Vattnajoekull glacier.

Iceland lies on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, the highly volatile boundary between the Eurasian and North American continental plates, with quakes and eruptions.
The last volcanic eruption in the Eyjafjallajoekull area occurred in 1821.

See shock waves in this VIDEO

Is Iceland a continent or an island?
It is an island.  There are 7 Continents: Antarctica, Australia, Asia, Europe, North America, South America, and Africa.
Iceland is Europe's westernmost country, the second largest island in the North-Atlantic ocean.

Bardabunga began erupting August 2014

ICELAND Volcanoes, earthquakes
Bardabunga, Hekla


Svalbard, Greenland quakes - north pole

Earth watch
Quakes, volcanoes * dutchsinse

              Posted   <*))))><   by  

ZionsCRY NEWS with prophetic analysis

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PostPosted: Wed Apr 14, 2010 6:44 am    Post subject: Iceland evacuates hundreds as volcano erupts again Reply with quote

Iceland evacuates hundreds as volcano erupts again

A volcano under a glacier in Iceland rumbled back to life Wednesday, melting ice, shooting smoke and steam into the air and forcing hundreds of people to leave their homes.

Emergency officials evacuated 800 residents from around the Eyjafjallajokull glacier as rivers rose by up to 10 feet (3 meters) and flooded a sparsely populated area, said Rognvaldur Olafsson, a chief inspector for the Icelandic Civil Protection Agency.

He said no lives or properties were in immediate danger.

The agency said commercial aircraft had reported seeing steam plumes rising from the glacier. There were no immediate signs of large clouds of volcanic ash, which could disrupt air travel between Europe and North America, and Iceland's international airport remained open.

A Coast Guard plane was flying over the area, which was obscured by heavy cloud.

The volcano, 75 miles (120 kilometers) east of Reykjavik, erupted March 20 after almost 200 years of silence.

The original eruption petered out earlier this week. But Gunnar Gudmunsson, a geophysicist at the Icelandic Meteorological Office, said there had been a series of tremors overnight, and rivers in the area began rising Wednesday morning — strong evidence of a new eruption under the glacier.

"Most probably this eruption is taking place at the summit ... under the ice," he said.

Last month's eruption struck near the glacier in an area that had no ice. Gudmunsson said the new eruption appeared to be about eight or nine kilometers (five to six miles) west of the original fissure.

Residents were evacuated to a Red Cross center in the nearby community of Hvolsvollur, the protection agency said.

Iceland, a nation of 320,000 people, sits on a large volcanic hot spot in the Atlantic's mid-oceanic ridge. Volcanic eruptions are often triggered by seismic activity when the Earth's plates move and when magma from deep underground pushes its way to the surface.

The last time there was an eruption near the 100-square-mile (160 square-kilometer) Eyjafjallajokull glacier was in 1821.

A bigger worry is the nearby and much larger Katla volcano, which in the past has erupted in tandem with Eyjafjallajokull.

Katla is located under the vast Myrdalsjokull ice cap. An eruption could cause widespread flooding and disrupt air traffic between Europe and North America.

The last major eruption took place in 1918, and vulcanologists say a new blast is overdue.




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PostPosted: Thu Apr 15, 2010 5:36 am    Post subject: Icelandic volcanic ash alert grounds UK flights Reply with quote

Icelandic volcanic ash alert grounds UK flights

15 April 2010 -  Air Traffic Control says the ash poses a serious hazard.
Airline passengers are facing massive disruption across the UK after an ash cloud from a volcanic eruption in Iceland grounded planes.

The Air Traffic Control Service (Nats) said no flights would be allowed in or out of UK airspace from midday to 1800BST amid fears of engine damage.
Airports operator BAA confirmed all flights at Heathrow, Stansted and Gatwick would be suspended from midday.
And in Scotland, authorities have already shut all their airports.

The restrictions, in accordance with international civil aviation policy, were imposed after the Met Office warned ash could clog engines.
Passengers were advised to contact their carriers prior to travel.

Experts have warned that the tiny particles of rock, glass and sand contained in the ash cloud would be sufficient to jam aircraft engines.
Aberdeen, Edinburgh and Glasgow airports were shut as Nats said it was restricting flights "in accordance with international civil aviation policy".
One passenger at Glasgow told the BBC: "I'm meant to be going to Lanzarote. We've travelled from Oban, leaving at 3am. Now we've decided we might as well just go home and do a bit of gardening."

The ash cloud disrupted all flights to and from Manchester with a similar picture at Newcastle airport where all arrivals were cancelled and all outbound flights either cancelled or subject to indefinite delay.
Liverpool's John Lennon airport suspended all flights until at least 1300BST.

British Airways said it had cancelled all domestic flights for the whole of Thursday, which affected flights at London's Gatwick, Heathrow and City airports.
The company said it would refund its passengers or offer the option of rebooking.
Budget airline Ryanair said no flights were operating to or from the UK on Thursday and it expected cancellations and delays on Friday.

Engines shut

Birmingham airport warned of severe disruption with about 90% of flights cancelled, and there were problems reported at East Midlands, Leeds Bradford, Cardiff International and Bristol.
Most flights were suspended at Belfast International Airport and George Best Belfast City Airport, with some in and out of Dublin airport also hit.

A Nats spokesman said: "The Volcanic Ash Advisory Centre has issued a forecast that the ash cloud from the volcanic eruption in Iceland will track over Europe tonight.
"Nats is working with Eurocontrol and our colleagues in Europe's other air navigation service providers to take the appropriate action to ensure safety in accordance with international aviation policy."

The European air safety body, Eurocontrol, said the cloud of ash had reached 55,000ft and was expected to move through northern UK and Scotland by 1300BST.

Brian Flynn, assistant head of operations of its central flow management unit, told the BBC: "As it moves toward the Netherlands and Belgium it will dissipate and lose intensity, like any weather phenomenon. But we don't know what the extent of it will be."

Further south, five easyJet flights due to depart from Stansted airport in Essex were cancelled, along with all northbound flights from Southampton and Newquay airports.

Bournemouth airport grounded a flight to Dublin but said all other departures were on schedule.
Met Office forecaster Philip Avery said the ash could take several days to clear.
He said: "It is showing up on imagery at the moment, extending down as far as the Faroes but it looks as though the wind will drag it a good deal further south.

"Nats has good cause to be very cautious about this because in about 1982 a British Airways jumbo had the unnerving experience of having all four engines shut down as it flew through a plume of volcanic ash."

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PostPosted: Thu Apr 15, 2010 5:41 am    Post subject: Volcano ash disrupts flights across Europe Reply with quote

Volcano ash disrupts flights across Europe

Icelandic eruption forces Heathrow, world’s second busiest airport, to close

April 15, 2010

Ash clouds from Iceland's spewing volcano disrupted air traffic across Northern Europe on Thursday as authorities
closed British and Nordic air space, shut down Europe's busiest airport at Heathrow and canceled hundreds of flights.

Britain's Civil Aviation Authority said non-emergency flights would be banned until at least 6 p.m. (1 p.m. EDT).
Irish authorities also closed their air space for eight hours.

London Heathrow is the world's busiest international airport, handling upwards of 1,200 flights and 180,000 passengers per day.
The closure also affected London's second- and third-largest airports, Gatwick and Stansted.
It was not immediately clear when flights would resume.

With the major trans-Atlantic hub at Heathrow closed, dozens of flights to the United States were on hold, and cancelations spread across the continent to major hubs at Brussels, Amsterdam, Geneva and Paris, where flights heading north were canceled until midnight.

In Iceland, hundreds of people have fled rising floodwaters since the volcano under the Eyjafjallajokull glacier erupted Wednesday for the second time in less than a month. As water gushed down the mountainside, rivers rose up to 10 feet by Wednesday night.

The ash cloud has not disrupted operations at Iceland's Keflavik airport or caused problems in the capital of Reykjavik, but has affected the southeastern part of the island, said meteorologist Thorsteinn Jonsson. In one area, visibility was reduced to 150 yards this morning, he said, and farmers were advised to keep livestock indoors to protect them from eating ash particles as sharp as glass.

'Significant threat'

The volcano was sending up smoke and ash that posed "a significant safety threat to aircraft,"
Britain's National Air Traffic Service said, as visibility is compromised and debris can get sucked into airplane engines.

In northern Sweden and Finland all air traffic was suspended

Norway's King Harald V and Queen Sonja — who had planned to fly Thursday to Copenhagen for the Danish queen's 70th birthday
were looking to take a "car, boat or train." A canceled trans-Atlantic flight left Norway's Prime Minister Jens Stoltenberg grounded in New York.



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PostPosted: Thu Apr 15, 2010 8:32 am    Post subject: Britain Closes Airspace as Volcanic Ash Spreads Reply with quote

Britain Closes Airspace as Volcanic Ash Spreads
April 15, 2010
British civil aviation authorities ordered the closing of the country’s airspace as of noon on Thursday to shield aircraft from a high-altitude cloud of ash drifting south and east from an erupting volcano in Iceland. The plume shut down airports and forced the cancellation of hundreds of flights in a wide arc from Ireland to Scandinavia.

The closure was among the most sweeping peacetime restrictions ordered in British airspace. It left airplanes stranded on the tarmac as the rolling cloud — made up of minute particles of silicate that can damage airplane engines — headed from Britain and Scandinavia toward northern Europe. News reports said Denmark and Sweden also had restricted air travel, while Belgium was about to.

“From midday today until at least 6 p.m., there will be no flights permitted in U.K.-controlled airspace other than emergency situations,” Britain’s National Air Traffic Service said in a statementon its Web site. “This has been applied in accordance with international civil aviation policy.”

Matthew Watson, a specialist in the study of volcanic ash clouds from Bristol University in England, said the plume was “likely to end up over Belgium, Germany, the Lowlands — a good portion over Europe” and was unlikely to disperse for 24 hours,” meaning that airports were likely to remain closed longer than initially forecast.

The move effectively grounded all flights in Britain from 11 a.m. local time and affected an estimated 6,000 flights that use British airspace every day, aviation experts said. Oddly, for travelers, the closing was announced under clear blue skies. Experts had said earlier that the ash may not be visible from the ground.
The impact was likely to be among the most severe in many years, cutting trans-Atlantic links and severing air routes across northern Europe.

Volcano in Iceland, lava running over the edge

There's a BIGGER problem with the Iceland volcano.  Initially the concern was that the volcano would melt the glacier ice and cause flooding.
But now there is concern that the volcano could have cause even bigger eruption from powerful Katla  volcano
There is a history pattern that has the Eyjafjallajokull setting off the larger Katla volcano.
The large eruption could release a large amount of sulphur dioxide into the atmosphere.  Katla last major eruption was in 1918.

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PostPosted: Fri Apr 16, 2010 6:37 pm    Post subject: No end to volcano ash in sight Reply with quote

Volcano flight chaos could last up to 6 MONTHS
April 16, 2010
 Face of the volcano looks like a SKULL
A radar image shows the crater of Eyjafjallajokull in southeast Iceland which has caused the cloud of volcanic ash to spread over Europe

AMAZING photos and maps

In 1783 the Laki volcano that forms part of the Katla and Eyjafjallajokull system erupted and caused
volcanic gasses to flow over Europe and the British islands where many people died of gas poisoning.
A great famine was caused by the volcano that killed one-fifth of the population.

No end to volcano ash in sight
Weather experts predicted Friday that a volcanic ash causing chaos to air traffic across Europe would affect the region well into the weekend and possibly beyond as the dust cloud continued to spread.
Scientists said it was too soon to predict when the Eyjafjallajökull volcano in Iceland would cease spewing ash, raising the prospect of thousands more grounded flights in coming days.

Prevailing westerly winds are expected to fan the massive plume of dust from an erupting volcano in Iceland further east and north, according to predictions from the London Ash Advisory Center.
By 07:00 GMT Saturday (7 p.m. ET) the cloud traveling at up to 9,000 meters (30,000 feet) is forecast to be covering parts of Russia, Poland, Finland and other East European countries while continuing to affect the UK, Sweden, Norway, Germany, Denmark and Netherlands.

Northern parts of Sweden, the UK, and Ireland, which have begun to reinstate air flights, would remain in the clear for the time being, according to forecasts.
CNN meteorologist Brandon Miller said upper-level winds will remain largely from the same direction, from the North and West, over the next 40 hours, bringing ash from the volcano into northern Europe.

"We expect the speed of the winds to decrease over Iceland and the North Sea, however, which could limit the distance the plume will travel, as well as limit the concentration of the ash if and when it reaches mainland Europe," he said.
He said if the volcano in Iceland volcano continues to spew ash at the same rate, disruption would continue. If the ash ejections lessen combined with weakening winds, conditions could improve through the weekend

The UK's Met Office said Eyjafjallajökull was now releasing ash in "pulses" rather than a steady plume, but scientists say it is too early to predict how long the eruption would last. The volcano's last major eruption in 1821 lasted for two years.

Professor Peter Sammonds of University College London's geophysics department said it would be possible to determine the expected duration of the eruption once data is gathered, although conditions around the volcano were currently hampering this.
"The reason it's going through quite a fierce phase at the moment is because ice is melting and water is mixing with magma causing it to fragment," he told CNN.
"This will go on until the water supply runs out, which could be quite some time."

Although the Ash Advisory Center models cloud movements for up to 10 days ahead, it was restricting its public forecasts to the next 24 hours, so it was unclear what areas the dust would be affected into Sunday and the following week.
Although the ash cloud -- made up of tiny particles of volcanic matter held in suspension -- is moving relatively high in the atmosphere, meteorologists said there were signs some dust was settling at lower levels.

The Met Office said it had received recordings of dust in the air at Lerwick in Scotland and in Bedfordshire, northeast of London. There were also reports of dust settling on parked vehicles in some parts of the UK, it said.
CNN's Miller says, with no major storm system on the horizon, the prevailing winds would continue to dictate movement.
"The volcanic ash is transported primarily by upper-level winds," Miller said. "Once the ash is ejected into the atmosphere by the volcano, the only real forces acting on it are gravity and wind."

Travelers rush to trains and ferries

"This fine volcanic ash can rise extremely high in the atmosphere, up to 50,000 feet, where planes cannot fly over them," Miller said. "At this height, the winds can be very strong and can therefore transport the plume of fine ash several hundred miles."

Miller said the dispersion of the cloud will make it less dangerous as it travels. It's very unlikely that United States skies would be affected, but northern Europe may not be out of the dark soon.
"The other problem is that the volcano is still erupting and still transmitting the ash into the atmosphere," Miller said. "As long as the volcano is erupting, the ash will continue being transported by the wind, and flight disruption will continue."

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PostPosted: Fri Apr 16, 2010 10:06 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

The eruption that changed Iceland forever
By Tom de Castella

A volcanic eruption in Iceland is continuing to ground flights in the UK and Europe, but 227 years ago a far more devastating eruption occurred wiping out a fifth of the island's population - as well as tens of thousands across Europe.
On 8 June, 1783, the young country of Iceland - inhabited for less than 1,000 years - had a population of 50,000. In the coming years, as a result of what began that Sunday morning at 9am, 10,000 of those people would die.
The Laki eruption is the worst catastrophe in the country's relatively short history. Laki is a volcanic system in the same south-eastern part of Iceland where this week's eruption took place. But that's where the similarities end.

Back in 1783 it was ripped open with such force that a huge fissure produced scores of boiling craters. Over the next eight months the Lakagigar - literally "craters of Laki" - spewed 600 square kilometres of boiling lava into the surrounding countryside and belched more toxic gases than any eruption in the last 150 years. The effects were felt all over the northern hemisphere.
It is the second greatest eruption of the last 1,000 years, behind only the 1815 eruption of Mount Tambora in Indonesia, says Stephen Self, visiting professor of volcanology at the Open University.

Laki's output of sulphur dioxide dwarfs the 1990 eruption of Pinatubo in the Philipinnes, which is famous for halting global warming for several years. While that eruption produced 17 mega tonnes of sulphur dioxide, Laki was pumping the same amount out every three days at its peak, says Self. He estimates Laki's power was over 100 times greater than the current eruption.
"The 1783 eruption pumped out so much sulphur gas, creating a huge cloud of sulphuric acid droplets which began to drift over Europe travelling eastwards over the whole world," he says.


The noxious fog travelled down through Norway, Germany, France and across to Britain, causing panic when farm labourers began dropping like flies. People at this time had no idea where the fog had come from or that sulphur dioxide was mixing with water vapour in the lungs to choke victims. Research into parish records has led to estimates of more than 20,000 deaths in Britain alone during the summer of 1783.

The extreme heat - not connected to the volcano - would have made the fog all the more unpleasant, says Philip Eden, former BBC weatherman.
"July 1783 is the equal warmest month in 300 years of records for the UK. Because of the ash the sun shone from a white sky - it must have felt like the apocalypse."
“ The Icelanders stopped dancing and unlike the Norwegians and Faroe Islanders we lost the old dances ”
Professor Gunnar Karlsson

It was only in the autumn that the fog finally lifted. But soon an even worse problem was on the way - the most severe winter for 250 years, caused by the build-up of heat absorbing sulphur dioxide in the stratosphere.
But nowhere suffered more than Iceland. It was not the eruption itself that proved deadly but the environmental consequences, says Gunnar Gudmundsson, a geophysicist at the Icelandic Meteorological Office.

"People died not because of the eruption, but because of starvation," he says. "The farm animals died, the crops died - it affected the whole country."
Toxic gases poisoned the plants and vegetation, which in turn killed the livestock. Eight of every ten sheep are thought to have died, while half of all the cattle and horses perished. The extreme winters that followed - caused by the sulphuric gases - ensured that a fifth of the country's population died, historians estimate.

It is a period of tragedy etched onto the Icelandic psyche, says Magnus Gudmundsson, professor of geophysics at the University of Iceland. It has become the yardstick by which all painful periods in the country's history are measured, he adds.
"We have a word for it - Moduhardindin - meaning "the hardship of the fog". When politicians compare it to the recent economic crisis it causes outrage - of course there's no comparison. Today 20 to 25% of the population are deeply in debt."
But in 1783 the same proportion of the population succumbed to a more terminal fate, he points out.

Today children learn about the Laki in school and because of the frequent volcanic eruptions, geology and the study of lava is a compulsory part of the education curriculum.
“ Icelandic volcanoes have long drawn tourists from across the globe, eager to catch a glimpse of a pillar of smoke or a spectacular lava flow ”

Gunnar Karlsson, one of Iceland's leading historians, argues that without the country's fish stocks the suffering would have been even more terrible.
"At the time of the eruption two thirds of people were farmers while the other third were fishermen," he says. "The animals died from lack of hay and the people died the following year."

In coastal areas where cod was plentiful the suffering was less, but the way the country was governed prevented any proper strategy. At the time Iceland was a part of the Danish Kingdom and governed from Copenhagen, 1300 miles away.

"The Danes tried to help," says Professor Karlsson. "There was a collection of money but communication was so sparse that it helped little. It takes weeks to sail between Copenhagen and Iceland and there was no other contact at this time."

Reykjavik was just a village and local officials were spread around the country. But there was no co-ordination when it came to dealing with the famine and sharing out the fish, he says.
"The officials in Iceland were extremely late to react. It's been estimated that more food was being exported than imported at this time. The main export was fish, but no effort was made to distribute this food."

The Laki struck at a time when supernatural beliefs were beginning to give way to ideas of human progress brought by the Enlightenment.
"The eruption was a great shock because people were beginning to believe in progress and improving their lives," says Prof Karlsson. "It must have been a great blow to realise they did not control their lives and see how powerless they were if the natural conditions were so strong."
The clergy stuck to the view that Iceland was being punished for the sins of man, he adds.

Prof Karlsson also believes Laki had other surprising consequences for Icelandic society. "The Icelanders stopped dancing and unlike the Norwegians and Faroe Islanders we lost the old dances. My guess is they stopped because people were in such shock after the famine that they didn't want to dance anymore."

Despite being the country's darkest hour, the country bounced back and it is argued by some that the event was not the defining moment for Iceland. The population was back to 50,000 within 20 years and continued to grow over the coming decades, and today stands at 320,000.

"It was dramatic when it happened but the effect was only felt for 20 years," says Prof Karlsson. "For the historian it is the events that have the longest effects that are the most important. For me the mechanisation of the fishing fleet in the early 20th Century was the nation's turning point. It turned Iceland from one of the poorest countries in Europe to one of the richest."
Nowadays with the economy again in ruins, some Icelanders may take hope from the way the country bounced back from the Laki nearly 250 years ago.
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PostPosted: Sat Apr 17, 2010 4:49 am    Post subject: Iceland volcano activity increases Reply with quote

Icelandic volcanic eruption statement
April 17, 2010 @  0830
 Scientist says Icelandic volcano activity increases, warns of more travel disruptions.
Air space over northern Italy is closed because of ash from the Icelandic volcano, about 2000 miles away.
The volcanic ash cloud from Iceland is moving around and changing shape.
NATS advises no air travel across UK airspace until at least Sunday 18 April.
We are looking for opportunities when the ash cloud moves sufficiently for us to make some airspace available within
Scotland and Northern Ireland, which may enable some domestic flights to operate.
No Lufthansa plane is flying anywhere in the world

Iceland volcano activity increases
The volcano in southern Iceland's Eyjafjallajokull glacier sends ash into the air just before sunset on Friday, April 16
Airplanes are grounded as far away as northern Italy and Ukraine
A geologist warned Saturday that activity had increased at an erupting Icelandic volcano, saying it could cause even greater flight disruption.
Magnus Tumi Gudmundsson, of the University of Iceland, told The Associated Press that winds had cleared visibility for scientists and Saturday would be the first day they could fly above the volcano to assess the activity.
Once scientists determine how much ice has melted, it will be easier to say how long the eruption could last.

An ash plume, which has risen to more than 5 miles into the sky, that has disrupted travel across Europe has been caused by hot magma being cooled quickly by the melting ice cap.
The ash could wreak havoc on jet engines and airframes, and the widespread flight bans have cost airlines hundreds of millions of dollars and thrown travel plans into disarray on both sides of the Atlantic.

Gudmundsson said as long as there was enough ice, more plumes could form — causing even more travel disruption.
The warning came as large parts of Europe enforced no-fly rulings for a third day.
Airports in Britain, France, Germany and the Netherlands remained closed and flights were set to be grounded in Hungary and parts of Romania.

Among the latest countries to close air space were Italy, where flights over the north were grounded, Corriere della Sera said, and, Reuters reported, Belarus and Ukraine. Clear air space that had been over Vienna and Geneva was also closing.

"Current forecasts show that the situation is worsening throughout Saturday," Britain's air traffic control body said in a statement as it extended its no-fly decree until at least 7 p.m. local time (2 p.m. ET), including northern areas where restrictions had been eased.

Lufthansa said it was canceling all flights from German airports until 6 p.m. GMT (2 p.m. ET) Saturday, NBC reported.
Sara Bicoccih, stranded at Frankfurt airport on her way home to Italy from Miami, said: "I am furious and frustrated."
The U.S. military had to reroute many flights, including those evacuating the wounded from Afghanistan and Iraq.

BA cancelled all flights in and out of London on Saturday. Irish airline Ryanair, Europe's biggest low-cost carrier, said it would cancel flights to and from northern European countries until 1200 GMT (5 a.m. ET) on Monday.
Delta Air Lines, the world's largest airline, cancelled 75 flights between the United States and European Union countries on Friday

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PostPosted: Sat Apr 17, 2010 5:01 am    Post subject: Fallen volcano ash could pose health risk Reply with quote

Fallen volcano ash could pose health risk
People with lung problems advised to stay indoors as particles hit ground
Europeans should try to stay indoors if ash from Iceland's volcano starts settling, the World Health Organization warned Friday as small amounts fell in Iceland, Scotland and Norway.
WHO spokesman Daniel Epstein said the microscopic ash is potentially dangerous for people when it starts to reach the Earth because inhaled particles can enter the lungs and cause respiratory problems.

"We're very concerned about it," Epstein said. "These particles when inhaled can reach the peripheral regions of ... the lungs and can cause problems — especially for people with asthma or respiratory problems." He also said Europeans who go outside might want to consider wearing a mask.

Other experts, however, weren't convinced the volcanic ash would have a major effect on peoples' health and said WHO's warnings were "hysterical." They said volcanic ash was much less dangerous than cigarette smoke or pollution.

Volcanic ash is made of fine particles of fragmented volcanic rock. It is light gray to black and can be as fine as talcum powder. During a volcanic eruption, the ash can be breathed deep into the lungs and cause irritation even in healthy people. But once it falls from a greater distance — like from the cloud currently hovering above Europe — its health effects are often minimal, experts say.

The Icelandic volcano that erupted Wednesday has sent an enormous cloud of microscopic basalt ash particles across northern Europe, grounding aircraft across the continent. It is drifting above 20,000 feet (6,000 meters), high and invisible from the ground.

"Not all particles are created equal," said Ken Donaldson, a professor of respiratory toxicology at the University of Edinburgh, who has studied the impact of volcanic ash in people. "In the great scheme of things, volcanic ash is not all that harmful."

Volcanic ash: Europe flights grounded for third day
Virtually all of Europe's major airports remain closed as a huge plume of volcanic ash drifts south and east across the continent from Iceland.

Volcanic Eruptions May Disrupt European Air Traffic for Months


Could contaminate drinking water

One million Britons stranded by ash and food shortages expected: Volcano flight chaos to last until next week

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